Artifact Introduction: During our third week in Introduction to Educational Technology class, we were to research the digital divide and digital inequality. Then we needed to identify some of these within our school and reflect on possible solutions to these issues. We demonstrated what we learned in a narrated presentation applying multimedia principles using Haiku Deck.
Reflection of Learning: Upon researching the digital divide and digital inequality, the first thing I learned is the difference and correlation between these two concepts and how interconnected they are. Digital divide is the separation between those who have access to technology and those who don’t while digital inequality goes further to explain the disparity in how people are using the technology they have. Throughout my research, I came to the realization that diminishing the digital divide will increase the inequality therefore both concepts need to be tackled simultaneously. I believe this is vital for educators at the elementary level where students are introduced to technology. At the school where I work, I will be an advocate for technology. I will use technology in my classroom, in ways that help diminish digital inequality by teaching students the true benefits of technology. For example, when having students create presentations I will make them aware of the multimedia principles below, that I learned during this project, so they can also learn to communicate effectively. If I had more time and school was in session, I would develop a questionnaire to assess my student’s understanding of the application and benefits of technology in their society. I would then use the projects (that we currently do) but have them continuously reflect on the purpose and benefit of using technology in their work.
- The Signaling Principle which describes how individuals learn better when headlines are used.
- The Segmenting Principle which explains how individuals learn better when receiving small amounts of information.
- The Modality Principle which describes how an individual’s understanding increases when presentation text is narrated instead of displayed on the screen.
- The Multimedia Principle which explains how individuals learn better from both text and words than from words alone (ensuring individuals are leveraging dual channels)
- The Coherence Principle, which describes how individuals have limited cognitive processing, therefore, less is more.
- The Contiguity Principle which explains how individuals benefit from graphics being close to one another, again, because of limited cognitive processing. (Atkinson & Mayer, 2004)
Giving students a vast tool, such as access to the internet (ridding them of the digital divide) is not enough. We also need to provide proper knowledge of how to use this tool, in an efficient and beneficial way (diminishing digital inequality). I believe it is our ethical responsibility to ensure students become well-prepared adults who have the knowledge of how to use technology around them.
Atkinson, Cliff & Mayer, Richard E. Five Ways to Reduce PowerPoint Overload. (2004) Retrieved from http://www.indezine.com/stuff/atkinsonmaye.pdf