Tag Archives: RelativeAdvantage

Relative Advantage of Technology in ELA

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Artifact Introduction: During our tenth week in Integrating Technology into the Classroom Curriculum, we were to review a serious of resources including the textbook Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching reflect on the advantages of utilizing technology in the classroom. We were then to apply this information to our own classroom and chosen content area (ELA) and reflect on the relative advantage of utilizing technology.

Artifact: 

“The National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) and International Reading Association (IRA) Standards for the English and Langauge Arts emphasize the importance of students having opportunities and resources to use technology to develop their language skills…” (Roblyer p. 263)

The Common Core State Standards clearly address the importance of technology implementation in English Language Arts.

“Students employ technology thoughtfully to enhance their reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language use. They tailor their searches online to acquire useful information efficiently, and they integrate what they learn using technology with what they learn offline. They are familiar with the strengths and limitations of various technological tools and mediums and can select and use those best suited to their communication goals.” (Common Core 2010)

As Robyler states this is because Educational policy has begun to recognize how the internet is changing how people learn. Learning doesn’t merely refer to the degree of attention, curiosity, interest, optimism, and passion that students show when they are learning or being taught but it extends to how their brains are processing and organizing inforamation. A reason to use technology is because it increases student motivation, when you tell a student to go online and read an article it immediately become a more exciting task than opening up an encyclopedia. However, teaching students to be literate in language arts requires teaching students to be literate in technology. This is because “many readers are now doing the majority of their reading online.” (Serafini 2012) This is in reference to adults who did not grow up with the internet, the children whom we are educating will not know a world without it. Serafini goes on to say that teachers should teach readers to not only be literate of written text bt of multimodal text as navigators, interpreters, desginers, and interrogators. (Roblyer p. 263)

That being said, technology integration into the English Language Arts classroom supports many differerent areas. For word fluency and vocabulary development integrating technology offers increased motivation and engageing strategies. In reference to comprehension and literacy development it allows for more flexibility and increased interaction with text (as was noted above as necessary). It also allows for scaffolding that is often difficult to accomplish because of increased class sizes and/or lack of time or resources. Technology also helps support writng instruction by helping students organize their thoughts prior to beginning a writing task, providing models of good writing, and offering more flexibility to edit and revise while writing. The flexibility technology allows when writing is a great advantage over pencil/paper writing. Another benefit of technology in writing is that there is instant feedback for revision and editing purposes while writing that students do not receive when writing on paper. Technology allows for our students to share their learning to authentic audiences and gives them added purpose to grow and succeed.

According to the Office of Educational Research and Improvement using technology as a  tool for communicating with others allows students to take “an active role rather than the passive role of recipient of information transmitted by a teacher, textbook, or broadcast” (“Technology and Education Reform,” n.d.). This is what we want of twenty first century students, we want them to be active creators of their knowledge. Using technology in the English Language Arts classroom allows for students to take the drivers seat in their learning and interact in ways that will help them be continuous learners and drivers of their own education.

 

References:

National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers. (2010). Common Core State Standards for English language arts and literacy in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects. Washington, DC: Authors.

Roblyer, M.D., (2016). Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching     (7th ed.). Boston: Pearson.

Technology and Education Reform. (n.d.). Retrieved April 04, 2016, fromhttps://www2.ed.gov/pubs/EdReformStudies/EdTech/index.html

Reflection of Learning/Standard Connection:  This assignment required me to really delve into the ELA curriculum and textbook to analyze the relative advantage of using technology in the ELA content on a regular basis.  I got the experience to really become familiar with the benefits and various uses of various tools in various areas.

  • AECT Standard 2.1 Creating: To write about the relative advantage of technology in the ELA classroom, I needed to apply content pedagogy to create and reflect upon appropriate applications of processes and technologies to improve learning and performance outcomes.
  • AECT Standard 2.2 Using: To write about the relative advantage of technology in the ELA classroom, I thought of ways to implement appropriate educational technologies and processes based on appropriate content pedagogy.
  • AECT Standard 2.3 Assessing/Evaluating: I demonstrated an inquiry process that assessed the adequacy of learning and evaluated the instruction and implementation of educational technologies and processes grounded in reflective practice while reflecting upon the relative advantage of technology in the fourth-grade ELA classroom setting.
  • AECT Standard 3.2 Using: In order to effectively reflect on the relative advantage of using technology in the fourth-grade ELA classroom, I needed to make professionally sound decisions in selecting appropriate processes and resources to provide optimal conditions for learning based on principles, theories, and effective practices.
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Social Networking & Walled Gardens

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Artifact Introduction: During our seventh week in Integrating Technology into the Classroom Curriculum, we were to read chapter six in Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching & reflect on the advantages of utilizing social networking in the classroom. We were then to apply this information to our own classroom and chosen content area and reflect on the relative advantage of utilizing social media utilizing the social networking tool Voice Thread.

I invite you to join the conversation by adding a comment on my VoiceThread by clicking on the link below.

Artifact: 

VoiceThread on Social Networking & Walled Gardens

Reflection of Learning/Standard Connection:  This assignment required me to really delve into my curriculum and analyze the relative advantage of using social networking in my classroom on a regular basis.  I got the experience to really become familiar with the various types of social networking and the benefits of utilizing it in the classroom. Some ways that I was already familiar with and others I had never heard of before. I learned so much about how social media can truly enhance learning for students of all ages and that the benefits far outweigh the drawbacks.

  • AECT Standard 2.1 Creating: To reflect upon the relative advantage of social networking in the classroom, I needed to apply content pedagogy to create and reflect upon appropriate applications of processes and technologies to improve learning and performance outcomes.
  • AECT Standard 2.2 Using: To reflect upon the relative advantage of social networking in the classroom, I thought of ways to implement appropriate educational technologies and processes based on appropriate content pedagogy.
  • AECT Standard 2.3 Assessing/Evaluating: I demonstrated an inquiry process that assessed the adequacy of learning and evaluated the instruction and implementation of educational technologies and processes grounded in reflective practice while reflecting upon the relative advantage of utilizing social networking in the fourth-grade classroom setting.
  • AECT Standard 3.2 Using: In order to effectively reflect on the relative advantage of using social networking in the fourth-grade ELA classroom, I needed to make professionally sound decisions in selecting appropriate processes and resources to provide optimal conditions for learning based on principles, theories, and effective practices.

Relative Advantage of Multimedia

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Artifact Introduction: During our fifth week in Integrating Technology into the Classroom Curriculum, we were to read chapter seven in Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching & reflect on the advantages of utilizing multimedia in the classroom. We were then to apply this information to our own classroom and chosen content area and reflect on the relative advantage of utilizing multimedia in a Vlog (Video Blog) format.

Artifact: 

Reflection of Learning/Standard Connection:  This assignment required me to really delve into my curriculum and analyze the relative advantage of using multimedia in my classroom on a regular basis.  I got the experience to really become familiar with the benefits and various applications of multimedia, some ways that I was already familiar and others in novel ways that I had never heard of before but want to implement.

  • AECT Standard 2.1 Creating: To write about the relative advantage of multimedia, I needed to apply content pedagogy to create and reflect upon appropriate applications of processes and technologies to improve learning and performance outcomes.
  • AECT Standard 2.2 Using: To write about the relative advantage of multimedia, I thought of ways to implement appropriate educational technologies and processes based on appropriate content pedagogy.
  • AECT Standard 2.3 Assessing/Evaluating: I demonstrated an inquiry process that assessed the adequacy of learning and evaluated the instruction and implementation of educational technologies and processes grounded in reflective practice while reflecting upon the relative advantage of utilizing multimedia in the fourth-grade classroom setting.
  • AECT Standard 3.2 Using: In order to effectively reflect on the relative advantage of using multimedia in the fourth-grade ELA classroom, I needed to make professionally sound decisions in selecting appropriate processes and resources to provide optimal conditions for learning based on principles, theories, and effective practices.

Relative Advantage of the Basic Suite

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Artifact Introduction: During our third week in Integrating Technology into the Classroom Curriculum, we were to read chapter four in Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching & reflect on the advantages of utilizing the basic suite in the classroom. We were then to apply this information to our own classroom and chosen content area and reflect on the relative advantage of utilizing the basic suite.

Artifact: By definition a suite is “a set of programs with a uniform design and the ability to share data” while adding basic, modifies that definition to say that this suite is one that “(forms) an essential foundation or starting point; (one that is) fundamental.” Therefore, a basic suite is a fundamental set of programs with uniform design. The basic suite is comprised of three types of software tools: word processing, spreadsheets, and presentation software (Roblyer, 2016). These software tools have numerous advantages as they help increase productivity, accuracy, and appearance of presentations/documents in the business world and consequently the educational world. (Roblyer, 2016). As technology has developed so has the basic suite, it has moved from programs that need to be downloaded (Microsoft) to web-based software such as Google (for all three), Prezi (presentation), and Open Office (word processing). We’re going to focus on basic suite in the educational world, specifically in the fourth-grade classroom in and its use in the ELA curriculum.

  • Word Processing:

Some examples of word processing software tools are Google Docs, Microsoft Word, and Open Office among others (Roblyer, 2016). These tools facilitate the process of typing text to create a document and then formatting and editing this text. Google Docs goes further and allows for collaboration between multiple users on a single document at one time, automatic saving, commenting and tracking of changes. The relative advantage of using word processing tools in the fourth-grade classroom is that students can work collaboratively to create research, narratives, and/or expository papers all done in a quick and efficient manner. The Common Core State Standards clearly state that fourth grade students must: “With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of one page in a single sitting” (National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers).Word processing software is the key to ensuring students are meeting this standard. In my fourth grade classroom my students regularly work projects using word processing software; currently, they are working on writing a persuasive paper utilizing Google Docs where they present a persuasive piece encouraging others to donate money to their charity of choice. Word processing software and in this case, Google Docs, helps my students write an organized paper, collaborate with others to edit and revise it by allowing the document to be “shared”, tracking changes and allowing comments. Using word processing software and therefore, participating in the drafting editing, revising, and publishing process is an invaluable skill they will have mastered.

  • Spreadsheet:

Some examples of spreadsheet software tools are Google Sheets and Microsoft Excel (Roblyer, 2016). These tools facilitate the process of gathering and organizing data, and then creating graphs and charts to easily comprehend this information. Google Sheets goes further and allows for collaboration between multiple users on a single document at one time, automatic saving, commenting and tracking of changes. Google Sheets can also be paired with Google Forms (which is a Google Survey tool) which further facilitates the process of interpreting data. The relative advantage of using spreadsheet tools in the fourth-grade classroom is that students can work collaboratively to gather research and then in a quick and efficient manner translate that research into a graph/chart to ease comprehension of information. The Common Core State Standards clearly state that fourth grade students must be able to: “Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources” (National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers). Spreadsheet software enables students to take information that they gather and organize it in an efficient and logical manner. In my fourth grade classroom, my students work on many projects using spreadsheet software, in the spring my students work on a Science Fair project utilizing Google Sheets to create a chart to demonstrate the findings of their research of their chosen Science Fair project. Spreadsheet software and in this case, Google Sheets helps my students create an organized graph where they show growth or compare items and learn at a young age how information can be displayed in effective manners, a skill needed in the 20th century.

  • Presentation:

Some examples of presentation software tools are Google Slides, Microsoft PowerPoint, and Prezi among others (Roblyer, 2016). These tools facilitate the process of presenting information in a visually appealing manner. Google Slides goes further and allows for collaboration between multiple users on a single presentation at one time, automatic saving, commenting and tracking of changes. The relative advantage of using presentation tools in the fourth-grade classroom is that students can work collaboratively following best practice in presentations to create individual or collaborative presentations to teach others and/or demonstrate their mastery of a subject (Roblyer, 127). Students can gather research and then in a quick and efficient manner translate that research into a presentation to ensure their audience is immediately captivated with the information they are providing. The Common Core State Standards clearly state that fourth grade students must be able to: “Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes” and “Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace” (National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers). Presentation software facilitates the process for students to report on topics, texts and/or tell stories in an organized manner and add audio recording and visual displays while doing so. In my fourth grade classroom, my students work on many projects using presentation software, currently they are working on a presentation utilizing Google Slides where they present an informative piece stating their process in the engineering process of creating Valentine Box that uses a Simple Machine in a creative manner. Presentation software and in this case, Google Slides, helps my students create a presentation where they explain step by step their process and learn at a young age how to create visually appealing presentations, this is no doubt, a skill they will utilize in the future.

The basic suite is a fundamental set of programs with uniform design, therefore; once a student is familiar with one program their intuition serves as a guide to work with the others. The basic suite software tools of word processing, spreadsheets, and presentation software have forever changed the way information is created, organized and presented; providing our students the ability to receive and share information like it has never been done before. The numerous advantages these software tools provide in the fourth grade ELA classroom and beyond of increased productivity, accuracy, and appearance of presentations/documents and much more make it vital for students to utilize and master these tools in the classroom.

References:

Basic [Def.1]. (n.d.). In Oxford Dictionary Online, Retrieved February 3, 2016, from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/basic

Suite[Def.3]. (n.d.). In Oxford Dictionary Online, Retrieved February 3, 2016, from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/suite

National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers. (2010). Common Core State Standards for English language arts and literacy in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects. Washington, DC: Authors. Retrieved fromwww.corestandards.org/assets/CCSSI_ELA%20Standards.pdf

Roblyer, M.D. (2016). Integrating educational technology into teaching (7th Ed.) Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.

Reflection of Learning/Standard Connection:  This assignment required me to really delve into my curriculum and analyze the relative advantage of using the basic suite in my classroom on a regular basis.  I got the experience to really become familiar with the benefits and various uses of the basic suite, some ways that I was already familiar and others in novel ways that I had never heard of before but want to implement.

  • AECT Standard 2.1 Creating: To write about the relative advantage of the basic suite, I needed to apply content pedagogy to create and reflect upon appropriate applications of processes and technologies to improve learning and performance outcomes.
  • AECT Standard 2.2 Using: To write about the relative advantage of the basic suite, I thought of ways to implement appropriate educational technologies and processes based on appropriate content pedagogy.
  • AECT Standard 2.3 Assessing/Evaluating: I demonstrated an inquiry process that assessed the adequacy of learning and evaluated the instruction and implementation of educational technologies and processes grounded in reflective practice while reflecting upon the relative advantage of utilizing the basic suite in the fourth-grade classroom setting.
  • AECT Standard 3.2 Using: In order to effectively reflect on the relative advantage of using the basic suite in the fourth-grade ELA classroom, I needed to make professionally sound decisions in selecting appropriate processes and resources to provide optimal conditions for learning based on principles, theories, and effective practices.

Instructional Software in the Classroom

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Artifact Introduction: During our second week in Integrating Technology into the Classroom Curriculum, we were to explore chapter 3 & 5 of Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching & reflect on the types of instructional software. Furthermore, we were to describe examples of these and their relative advantage to teach our content. I analyzed all five types of instructional software and you can find that information below.

Blog Post: Instructional Software for 4th grade ELA

Integrating instructional software into educational settings is important and is now recognized as such. There are vast amounts of resources that are easily accessible. This software has been sorted into five categories:

  1. Drill & Practice: is a type of educational software that allows students to practice a previously learned skill by providing problems/questions and then providing students & teacher instantaneous feedback.
  • Some examples of drill & practice software for ELA in fourth grade are QuizletIXL for Language Arts & Henry Anker. The relative advantage of this type of software is that it replaces the need for a “worksheet” with a more engaging tool, saves teacher time and frees them to help other students, and immediately gives feedback to help students self-correct.
  1. Tutorial: is a type of educational software that serves as a teacher by providing an “instructional sequence” that is self-paced on a topic. When complete, it provides information, explanations, an opportunity for practice, feedback & assessment.
    • Some examples of tutorial software for ELA in fourth grade are Essay Punch, Developing Reading Fluency, Time For Kids A+ Papers. The relative advantage of this type of software is that students can access and learn (or relearn) when a teacher is not available, as in the case of a substitute, student absence, flipped classrooms or at home for homework. It is often more engaging by providing various media types (photographs, videos, etc.) and students are able to work at their own pace and repeat concepts (or skip) if necessary.
  2. Simulations: is a type of educational software that provides models of systems where learners choose, interact, manipulate, and ultimately learn how the system works. There are for types of simulations: physical, iterative, procedural, & situational.
    • Some examples of simulation software for ELA in fourth grade are ICivics and Read Write Think. The relative advantage of this type of software is that it gives students opportunities to practice higher order thinking skills and apply their reading/writing knowledge. It also allows students to do the “impossible” by experiencing things like drafting laws, and participating in elections, and it provides a safe environment where students are more willing to make mistakes than in a “real” situation (interacting with others in writing).
  3. Instructional Games: is a type of educational software in the format of a game that has a reward or competition to motivate learners. Provides drill or practice with the added component of reward or competition with adds in the expectation of entertainment.
    • Some examples of instructional game software for ELA in fourth grade are Fun Brain and Language Art Skill Builders. The relative advantage of this type of software is that is that it is very engaging and increases motivation to do well in identifying parts of speech and it frequently increases the time students spend practicing reading and grammar skills.
  4. Problem Solving: is a type of educational software that directly or indirectly teaches students how to solve problems and then provides opportunities to apply problem-solving strategies.
    • Some examples of problem-solving software for ELA in fourth grade are Brain Pop-Quandary and Discovery Education. The relative advantage of this type of software is that it provides “real world scenarios” and opportunities to apply critical thinking and problem solving. It also helps to integrate various skills and apply them to solve engaging “problems’ which results in increased motivation and confidence in research, writing, editing, and revising.

As described above instructional software provides many benefits in the classroom. It is up to teachers to use their professional judgment backed by research to effectively integrate these various types of instructional software in their classrooms.

Additional Artifact: Instructional Software for 4th grade ELA Graph:

Reflection of Learning/Standard Connection:  This assignment was of a lot of value for me because I had the opportunity to immediately apply what I learned about instructional software. I needed to make professionally sound decisions to assess and evaluate software to ensure that I was labeling them as the correct software type and applying them appropriately to my content area of ELA. In this way, I developed a deeper understanding of the various instructional software and their applications in my classroom.  I had to delve into many different online resources and analyze the information presented to come to a solid conclusion (label) and determine if each offered something my students would benefit from.

  • AECT Standard 4.3 Assessing/Evaluating : For this blog post, I came to a research-based conclusion on the best software to choose for ELA for each software type. It required me to interpret the data from research on why and how each software should be integrated into the educational setting.
  • AECT Standard 3.2 Using: In order to create this instructional software chart, I needed to make professionally sound decisions in selecting appropriate software to provide optimal conditions for learning based on principles, theories, and effective practices of various the instructional software types.

 

 

 

Relative Advantage Chart

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Artifact Introduction: During our first week in Integrating Technology into the Classroom Curriculum, we were to read the first two chapters in  Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching & reflect on the learning problems that technology can help solve. We were then to synthesize this information to create a relative advantage chart that showed ten learning problems (connected to our chosen content area & grade level) with related technologies, relative advantage, and expected outcomes.

Artifact:  

Reflection of Learning/Standard Connection:  This assignment required me to really delve into my curriculum and analyze how technology could help solve a lot of the problems I (or my students) encounter daily. I got the experience to research a lot of available technologies or apply tools that I was already familiar with in innovative ways.

  • AECT Standard 2.1 Creating: To create this relative advantage chart, I needed to apply content pedagogy to create appropriate applications of processes and technologies to improve learning and performance outcomes.
  • AECT Standard 2.2 Using: To create this relative advantage chart, I implemented appropriate educational technologies and processes based on appropriate content pedagogy.
  • AECT Standard 2.3 Assessing/Evaluating: I demonstrated an inquiry process that assessed the adequacy of learning and evaluated the instruction and implementation of educational technologies and processes grounded in reflective practice to create this relative advantage chart.
  • AECT Standard 3.2 Using: In order to create this relative advantage chart I needed to make professionally sound decisions in selecting appropriate processes and resources to provide optimal conditions for learning based on principles, theories, and effective practices.